US businesses fear infinite responsibility from take-home causes against COVID-19

Prosecutors outline the financial case of the campaign against Lev Parnas as the criminal trial begins

See’s employed his wife, Matilde Ek, who said she was infected by the coronavirus while working inches apart from sick coworkers, and then her husband caught it from her at home.

The Dec. 21 ruling allowed a wrongful death lawsuit to proceed against See’s Candies Inc, owned by Berkshire Hathaway (BRKa.N), by the family of Arturo Ek of Los Angeles who died in April 2020 at 72 from COVID-19.


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See’s, which did not respond to a request for comment, could appeal to California’s supreme court.

The ruling is the first by an appeals court to allow a novel “take-home” COVID-19 lawsuit, which seek damages from a business over allegations of violating safety protocols and setting off a chain of infections beyond the company’s premises.

The See’s ruling is only binding in California, but it may offer guidance to judges in other states, legal experts said.

Business groups warned in court papers filed before the See’s decision that such a ruling could prompt lawsuits by an infected employee’s family and friends, and anyone infected by that circle of people.

The groups called it a “never-ending chain” of liability. To counter COVID-19 lawsuits, including take-home cases, business interests have persuaded at least 30 states to adopt laws that make it difficult to bring them, often by requiring plaintiffs to show gross negligence.

California wasn’t one of those states. “The appellate court’s ruling could open up California employers to frivolous COVID-related lawsuits that will further dampen the ability of small businesses in particular to recover,” said Kyla Christoffersen Powell, the president of Civil Justice Association of California, a business group.

Hours after the decision, a California construction worker and his wife cited the ruling to a U.S. appeals court in San Francisco. The couple is seeking to revive a similar lawsuit against Victory Woodworks Inc. There have been at least 23 take-home COVID-19 lawsuits across the United States, which are all in the early stages. Defendants include Inc , Walmart Inc (WMT.N), Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd (RCL.N), Conagra Brands Inc (CAG.N) and Pilgrim’s Pride, an affiliate of meat producer JBS SA (JBSS3.SA).

The cases are not limited to employees. Royal Caribbean’s Celebrity Cruise line was sued in federal court in Miami for a COVID-19 outbreak on a ship, infecting two passengers who brought the disease home to their children. The two sides are scheduled to begin mediation later this month. “Until you get a jury verdict, we won’t know one way or other if there will be an explosion of cases,” said Jones.

At least six of the lawsuits have been dismissed including against Southwest Airlines Co (LUV.N) and six, including two against McDonald’s Corp (MCD.N), appear to have resulted in a private settlement, said Stephen Jones, general counsel of Praedicat Inc, a firm that evaluates risks for insurers. The lawsuits generally allege negligence toward COVID-19 protocols: employees were packed into work vans, symptomatic workers were kept in company dorms or infected people weren’t screened before entering a worksite. They seek damages on behalf of employees’ children and spouses who wound up on ventilators or even died of the disease.